The Geghama Mountains, Armenia

A guide to 114km (5–7 days) of backcountry trekking on the Transcaucasian Trail

This guide will help you plan a multi-day, unsupported trek along the remote Geghama mountain range of Armenia. Here you’ll find interactive maps, practical information and trail notes, plus downloadable GPS data to help navigate the route.

Important Disclaimer

The TCTA strives to provide accurate, current information as to trail conditions and the trail route.  However, actual trail conditions may be different, and such information may not be accurate or complete. Trail users are urged to consider all the information available from other sources and to heed local advice when available.  Trail users are ultimately responsible for all decisions as to the trail routes, trail conditions, weather, and safety.

In addition to the hazards posed by steep terrain and mountain weather, hikers in should be prepared for difficult route-finding and challenging trail conditions, the possibility of washed-out bridges and dangerous river crossings in high water, aggressive dogs guarding sheep and cattle, giant hogweed, and frequent summer thunderstorms with extremely intensive periods of lightning. Access to emergency medical care and search and rescue is not always available.


The Geghama Mountains are among the most breathtaking natural landscapes of Armenia and represent some of the country’s wildest and most unique thru-hiking opportunities.

Inhabited only in high summer by nomadic herders, this chain of volcanic cones and craters runs northwest to southeast through central Armenia and forms a natural barrier between high-altitude Lake Sevan and the Ararat plain.

Open steppe surrounds the peaks, descending gradually to the lakeshore in the east and dropping into the chasms of Khosrov Forest in the west. It also plays host to petroglyph (rock art) and vishap (dragon-stone) sites, and is the only region of Armenia where ethnic Yezidis constitute a majority.

This guide presents basic practical information about the area and a suggested route that has been successfully tested by volunteers. It is not a substitute for your own thorough planning and preparation. This is a remote, backcountry section of the trail requiring full self-sufficiency for several days. Those with insufficient experience are advised to hire a professional guide or consider hiking a less demanding section of the trail.

Trail Guide Contents

Download this route via apps and web platforms

Got an Android or iOS smartphone? You can find this trail on the following platforms (links open in new windows or tabs):

Download KML & GPX files for Google Earth & GPS units

Looking to download the raw data for this route? That’s a TCT members-only privilege. Find out what other perks you get for supporting our work, or login to your account to access the downloads.

Download printable trail guides & maps

Guess what? That’s a members-only privilege too! It’s really very good value, and you’ll be supporting our ongoing work in the process. Find out more.